In addition to exploring the colossal
forts and havelies in Jaipur
, make a tour
to Jantar Mantar
. Dedicated to the discovery of Science and Astronomy, this
observatory is a masterpiece in Asia. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh
during his ruling period in Jaipur (1727
. In the year 1948, the magnificient Jantar
observatory was declared as the National
Monument of India
The name 'Jantar
' carries deep meaning with it. Jantar indicates
instrument and Mantar indicates formula or calculation.
astronomical meaning, the observatory has great religious importance. It
highlights the legends behind ancient Indian astronomers, who where
masterminds in the field of Hindu astrology.
Architectural Marvel of Jantar Mantar
History says that Jantar Mantar in Jaipur
has been modeled after
the similar one was build in Delhi
, the capital
. But, the observatory in the Pink City(Jaipur
of Rajasthan is the largest one. It presents the brilliant combination of
marbles and stone. The campus in and around the astronomical building has
been constructed in such a way, that it follows the scientific calculation
and combination used in tracing the celestial bodies. Each nook and corner
has been measured as per astronomical scale and has clear lining of marble.
The huge stone observation devices, built with different dimensions
represents the excellent architectural work of archaic eras.
Astronomical Instruments in Jantar Mantar Observatory
Astronomical devices and instruments in the Jantar Mantar
attracts astrologers, historians, students, tourists from different pockets
of the world.
» Samrat Yantra:
The world's largest sun dial measures a height
of 27 meters. It consists of a massive triangle with a curved structure on
both sides. It can tell the time with an accuracy of 2 seconds.
» Kranti Yantra:
This instrument helps to measure the latitude
and longitude of heavenly bodies.
» Ram Yantra:
It indicate the altitude and declination of
» Jai Prakash Yantra:
The hemispherical bowl structure
instruments represents the celestial sphere. It is used to mark the
positions of the celestial bodies during days and nights.
» Laghu Samrat Yantra:
This small Sundial serves the purpose of
tracing the movement of Sun. It gives the time to an accuracy of 20 seconds.
» Brihat Samarat Yantra:
This extra-ordinary Sundial helps
astrologers to predict change in whether, like rainfalls, storm etc.
» Dhruva Darshak Yantra:
This instrument helps to determine the
location of Polo Star.
Other astronomical devices of note are Chakra Yantra, Ram Yantra, Diganta
Yantra, Unnatansha Yantra, Dakhinovrith Bhitti Yantra and Rashi Yantra